Dwarka – The City Of God
Located on the western coast of Gujarat, is the city of Dwarka, which is a part of Jamnagar District. It is one of the oldest cities of India. The name Dwarka has been derives from dvar, which means door in sanskrit. It is considered as one of the Char Dham – the four most sacred places in India by the Hindus. The other three dhams are Rameshwaram, Puri and Badrinath. The Vaishnavas have great respect for the city.
The Dwarakadhish Temple
King Vajra, Krishna’s great grandson built the temple but it was rebuilt during the 6th and 7th century. The temple has five storeys. Sand and limestone has been used for its construction. It has two gateways – the Swarg dwar from which the pilgrims enter and the Moksha Dwar, which is used by the pilgrims to exit the temple. The confluence of the River Gomati into the sea can be viewed from the temple. The shrines for Devaki, Vasudeva, Subhadra, Balaramavand Revati, Jambavati Devi, Rukmini Devi an Satyabhama are also located in Dwarka. The Chalukya style of art can be seen in the Dwarkadheesh temple. This temple id dedicated to Lord Krishna while there are other shrines also, such as Vasudeva, Devaki, Revathy, Subhadra and Balarama etc. The deity of Lord Krishna is in black and it looks splendid. There are rich carvings and designs in the temple.
It is mandatory for each devotee to take a dip in the Gomti River. The temple is decorated beautifully on the occasion of Janmashtmi. The Kingdom of Dwarka has also been mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana, Harivansha, Skanda Purana, the Mahabharata and the Vishnu Purana. It is believed that Dwarka was earlier situated near the current city but it was deserted and gradually it submerged into the sea. Vishwakarma built the city of Dwarka after being ordered by Lord Krishna. The city has a hall by the name ’Sudharma Sabha’, where public meetings are held. There are 70000 palaces in Dwarka, which are made of silver and gold and are decorated with precious stones. It is believed that each wife of Lord Krishna had a palace of her own. There are beautiful gardens and lakes in the city. Around the year 3138 BC, 36 years after the end of the Mahabharata War, Lord Krishna left the earth for Vaikuntha, and the Yadava leaders fought among themselves and got killed. Arjuna went to Dwarka so that he could bring the Yadava wives and Lord Krishna’s grandsons to Hastinapur. After he left, the city of Dwarka got submerged into the sea.
Bet Dwarka is a coastal site which is of great significance to Hindus and it has various temples devoted to Lord Krishna. Archeologists’ findings suggest that a lot of overseas trade used to be carried out from here in the ancient times.
How to Reach
- By Air – The Jamnagar Airport is the nearest Airport to Dwarka and it is 137 Kms from Dwarka. One can hire a taxi from Jamnagar to Dwarka.
- By Rail – Dwarka Railway station is well-connected to all major cities in India.
- By Road – Dwarka is well-connected to all major cities in India through the Gujarat State Road Transport buses.
Climate of Dwarka
Dwarka enjoys a pleasant climate throughout the year. In the winters, it is cool and pleasant. It gets very hot during the summers. Dwarka gets medium rainfall during the monsoon season. The best time to go to Dwarka is from October – June.