Situated at an average height of 1219 metres above sea level, Mount Abu is a famous hill station in the Aravalli Range in the Sirohi district of Rajasthan. Guru Shikhar is the highest peak on this mountain at a height of 1722 metres above the sea level. Since it has many rivers flowing through it and ample waterfalls, lakes and forests, it is often called the oasis in a desert. It is the only hill station in Rajasthan. It is also the summer capital of Rajasthan. More than three million tourists from the world over visit Mount Abu to enjoy its natural beauty and it makes a fabulous holiday destination for people of all ages.
How to Reach Mount Abu-:
- Road Travel – It is well connected all the major towns in northern and western India. It is 222 Kms from Ahmedabad, 235 Kms from Jodhpur and 156 Kms from Udaipur.
- Railways – Abu Road is the nearesy railway station, 29 Kms away and one can hire a taxi or jeep or board a bus from Abu Road to Mount Abu.
- Air Travel – Maharana Pratap Udaipur Airport, Dabok is the nearest airport and it is 207 Kms away. Taxi are available to reach Mount Abu.
There are many stories about Mount Abu. One popular storey says that the name Mount Abu has been derived from Mount Arbud, which is the youngest son of the Himalaya who is believed to have flooded a gorge in the area with water with the help of a snake to save the sacred bull of Lord Shiva, Nandi.
Another legend says that Mount Abu was earlier ruled by the Chauhans and it was considered as a summer home by this royal family. The Britishers also made Mount Abu their summer retreat to escape from the dust and heat of Rajasthan. Apart from this, Mount Abu has served as a home to many rishis and munis. Rishi Vashishtha was the most popular among them and it is believed that he performed a fire sacrifice (Yagna) in a fire-pit and created Agnikul Rajput clans to protect the earth from demons.
Mount Abu has a short summer season from April to mid-June with the maximun temperature dipping to 36 °C and one feels comfortable in cotton clothes. The geographical features facilitate a fair amount of rainfall during the monsoons. It gets pretty cold during the winters and heavy woollens are required. One can visit Mount Abu is from February – June and from October-December.
Places to Visit Mount Abu-:
- Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of 290 square kilometres. It is located on the Aravalli Range which is one of the oldest mountain ranges of India. It was adjudged as a sanctuary in the year 1960.
- Adhar Devi Temple – Located three kilometres north of Mount Abu, This famous temple is situated in a cave. One needs to climb 365 stairs to reach to the top of the temple. It is also referred to as Arbuda Devi Temple. It is dedicated to Goddess Durga.
- Shri Raghunathji Temple – This famous Vaishnavaite temple is devoted to Lord Vishnu and is worth mentioning. It is located very near to lake Nakki. It is believed that a visit to this temple cures all pains of the devotee.
- • Dattatreya Temple – Situated 15 Kms away from Mount Abu. this temple is also devoted to Lord Vishnu. It is located on the Guru Shikhar peak. One can get a scintillating view of Mount Abu from here.
- Delwara Jain Temples – Situated 2½ Kms from Mount Abu, the Delwara temples are a complex of five temples. The Delwara Jain Temples are made of white marble. They were built between 11th – 13th century AD. The Vimal Vasahi Temple (Shri Adinathji Temple) is the oldest temple. It was built by Vimal Shah in 1021 AD. All the temples have intricate carvings and designs.
- The Achalgarh Fort – The Achalgarh Fort, which was built by Rana Kumba in the 15th century encloses the splendid Jain temples. The Achaleshwar Mahadev Temple is 2500 years old. This is the only temple in the world where the great toe of Lord Shiva is idolized.
Mount Abu has state-of-the-art tourist facilities. It is one of the top ten recommended places to visit in India.